Data modeling is the methodology where you structure the data into relevant tools so as to produce outcomes that are relevant to the organizational targets
In the case of law enforcement the process involves several steps that start with building the data into the repository in an orderly manner via loading routines.
When the data is normalized it is put into a standard data structure that is best able to support the expected informational queries.
On that data structure the user is able to use Business Intelligence tools to explore the possible data that is supporting the evidence.
Further to that one can use Data Mining tools so as to suggest models that are recognized automatically from data patterns.
When done right, usage of those methodologies can target future events and prevent and deter crime via Preventive policing.
Data modeling architecture is supported by several components and tools